Chad has a 3-6-4-3 formal education structure. There are three years of pre-primary school, which has an official entry age of three and is referred to as enseignement préprimaire. Primary school, which is known as enseignement primaire, has an official entry age of six and a duration of six grades. At the end of the cycle, students receive the certificat d`études primaires élémentaires (CEPE). Secondary school is divided into two cycles: lower secondary and upper secondary.
Lower secondary, which is known as enseignement moyen (enseignement secondaire général du premier cycle), consists of grades 7-10 and culminates in the brevet d`études du premier cycle (BEPC); upper secondary, which is known as enseignement général secondaire du deuxième cycle, consists of grades 11-13 and culminates in the Baccalauréat de l`enseignement du deuxième degré. In addition, Chad has one lower secondary vocational education track that lasts three years, and three upper secondary vocational education tracks that last up to three years (ISCED 2011 mapping for 2013 school year).